EN 2597 Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics. Unidirectional Laminates. Tensile Test Perpendicular to the Fiber Direction.

composites test and airplane

EN 2597:1998 is a testing standard that specifies the method of determination of the ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulusPoisson’s ratio, and strain at failure in tension of carbon fiber reinforced plastics in the form of unidirectional laminates. EN 2598 is used for product development and quality control by a range of manufacturers who use carbon fiber laminates, including the aerospace, automotive, wind energy, and construction industries. This method is only applicable to specimens where the axis is perpendicular to the direction of the fibers. Testing when the axis is parallel to the fiber direction calls for the use of EN 2561.

Materials Testing System

The strength of composite specimens with fibers oriented perpendicular to the loading direction (axis) are normally much lower than the strengths of specimens where the fibers are oriented in the loading direction. Hence, the test forces are much lower. However, since testing to EN 2597 is normally combined with a range of other, higher force tests on composite materials, an electromechanical floor model testing machine such as Instron's 5980 Series will be the most suitable solution. The large (1000:1) force measurement range of the 5980 means that both high and low force tests can be carried out without the need to change load cells. A table model electromechanical machine may have sufficient capacity for testing lower strength materials, such as glass fiber.

EN 2597 Test Setup
1) 5900 Series Universal Testing System
2) Bluehill Universal Software
3) 2580 Series Load Cell
4) 2742 Series Hydraulic Wedge Grips
5) AVE2 Non-Contacting Extensometer


EN 2561 test setup

Moving body grips meet the requirements of the standard and are available in both manually and hydraulically operated configurations. 

Catalog no. 2743-401

Catalog no. 2716-002

EN 2597 Testing Accessories
1)Strain Gauge 
2)Biaxial Clip-On Extensometer
3)Environmental Chamber


Testing Accessories

Strain measurement devices include strain gauges and extensometers. Strain gauges can be connected to the testing machine via easy-to-use strain gauge adapters. A range of suitable contacting extensometers for axial and bi-axial strain measurements are available. When strain at failure is required, a non-contacting strain measurement solution such as Instron's AVE2 is preferred. When tests need to be conducted at high or low temperatures, a temperature chamber along with grips capable of operation inside the chamber are required. 

strain gauge exensometer, biaxial extensometer, environmental chamber

Testing Tips and Tricks
  • Obtaining consistent results when testing composites requires accurate alignment of the test specimen. Instron testing frames and accessories provide excellent alignment.
  • Bluehill Universal software comes provided with one free applications module upon purchase. The composites module includes a pre-defined EN 2597 test method.
  • To read the test method in full, purchase EN 2597:1998
Related Content

5980 Series Dual Column Floor Model

5980 floor models are robust, heavy-duty frames commonly used for testing high-strength metals and alloys, advanced composites, aerospace and automotive structures, bolts, fasteners, and plate steels.

Bluehill Universal Brochure

Bluehill Universal Software is built from the ground-up for touch interaction and an intuitive user experience. Discover simpler and smarter testing with features such as pre-loaded test methods, QuickTest in seconds, enhanced data exporting: and Instron Connect – a new feature that provides a direct communication link to Service. Users of previous versions of software such as Bluehill 2 and Bluehill 3 can easily upgrade to the newest version of Bluehill.

Composites Testing Brochure

Instron’s universal testing machines are designed to perform the most common types of testing used in the composites industry, including but not limited to in-plane tensile, through thickness tensile, interlaminar shear, compression in end, shear, or combined loading, and compression after impact.

AVE 2 Non-Contacting Video Extensometer

The second generation Advanced Video Extensometer (AVE 2) utilizes patented measurement technology in the fastest, most accurate non-contacting strain measurement device commercially available.

2630 Series Strain Gauge Extensometers

 The 2630-100 series of extensometers offers speed of attachment and ease-of-use. The light-weight, rugged cross-brace design eliminates errors caused by physical distortion, while built-in protection ensures that damage is not caused by over-extension.

 Biaxial and Averaging Axial Clip-On Extensometers

Instron's Bi-axial and Averaging Axial clip-on extensometers use strain gauges for measurement and are constructed from high-strength aluminium, titanium, and stainless steel. 

3119-600 Series Environmental Chambers

The 3119-600 Series Environmental Chamber allows labs to perform safe and efficient testing at a wide range of non-ambient temperatures. 

Strain Gauge Adapters

From aerospace to construction, strain gauges are used in a variety of industries to measure strain in both materials and structural testing. These strain gauge adapters allow a single strain gauge to be used with any standard Instron strain channel.