As the global automotive industry trends towards electrification, battery manufacturers are under tremendous pressure to innovate and grow faster than ever before. Instron engineers are working closely with industry leaders to meet the growing demand for smaller, lighter, more powerful batteries. Current challenges include the development of test methods and fixturing customized to battery testing applications, along with throughput and efficiency improvements for QC labs. As a global leader in the materials testing industry, Instron is uniquely positioned to accommodate the needs of battery testing labs all over the world with local support that can respond quickly and in the local language, providing our full suite of services, including installation, calibration, training, onsite machine upgrades, and any service needs along the way to minimize downtime.
Batteries are comprised of a variety of materials, adhesives, welds, and component structures that require thorough testing. In addition to our wide offering of standard grips and fixtures for battery testing, Instron has developed custom fixtures specifically designed to improve the efficiency and repeatability of testing battery materials and components. Our Engineered Solutions Group can accommodate quick turnarounds on battery fixture designs to fit specific needs.View Battery Testing Accessories
Separator films are a critical part of lithium-ion batteries as well as other liquid electrolyte batteries. The polymers used for these films must be strong enough to withstand the winding operation during assembly as well as plating of lithium on the anode in an uneven manner due to extensive use. Safer and stronger separator material more effectively prevents contact between the anode and cathode, while thinner material helps reduce the weight of each battery and improve energy density.
One of the most common failure modes in batteries is caused when the coating of electrode material cracks or delaminates from the current collector. This cracking or delaminating is typically caused by the constant charging and discharging of a battery as well as the mechanical loading when in use. It is critical to understand the electrode adhesion strength and longevity to ensure a battery does not fail before the end of its predicted life cycle.
Aluminum and copper foil are used as current collectors in batteries, and are traditionally needed in large volumes. As the industry strives to use minimal amounts of material to achieve optimal energy density of each battery, it is critical to understand the mechanical properties of each foil in order to ensure the battery's safety and longevity. As foil becomes longer, thinner, and wider, improved technology is required to address the wrinkling and tearing that may come along with it. Validating and maintaining the mechanical properties of this material is critical for optimizing battery production.
Lithium-ion and other liquid electrolyte batteries require countless welds between electrodes, tabs, casings, and cells. Understanding the most common failure modes and strength of each weld is critical for determining the life of a battery. Each weld must withstand the mechanical loading that comes with being inside a vehicle or device, which can wear on the weld over time. Electric vehicles, for instance, are constantly moving and vibrating, and this must be accounted for in the design and quality of a weld.
As more and more components and materials are being introduced into the battery industry, there are countless other features that need to be tested for the quality, strength, safety, and longevity of each design.