ASTM D3822 Tensile Properties of Textile Fibers
The characteristics of fibers within a yarn play an important role in the yarn's functional and aesthetic properties. Modifications to these fibers may affect the properties of the yarn in a number of ways. During the development and post development of yarns, tensile tests are performed to ASTM D3822 to evaluate mechanical properties of the fibers or filaments. Tensile testing is also conducted during manufacturing as a quality control measure to confirm that material is within specifications.
When working with very fine textiles, it is often difficult to determine the most suitable test configuration. It is important to select grips that will allow you to easily install and remove specimens. In some cases, creating tabs with tape may make it easier to install the specimens. This is especially true when specimens are so small that they are difficult to see with the naked eye. If the proper grip is used, specimen slippage or specimen failures within the grips should not occur.
Individual fibers can be very delicate and may fail at very low loads. It is important to select an appropriate load cell that will allow maximum accuracy at low forces. In cases such as this, Instron’s 5N load cell is the best option.
There are a variety of grips that are appropriate for single strand fibers. If specimens are long enough, we recommend cord and yarn style grips, which reduce the chances of premature specimen failure and help maintain alignment. 50 N pneumatic side acting grips are also potentially suitable for this application, and can be used in many cases.
The challenges of testing to this standard are:
- Specimen gripping
- Low load values
- Instron pneumatic cord and yarn grips are well-suited to gripping many types of fiber specimens while maintaining high throughput
- Instron offers traditional side acting pneumatic grips as small as 50N capacity, which are ideal for testing delicate fibers with low break loads
- Instron’s 6800 Series is able to measure forces down to 0.1% (1/1000th) of the load cell's capacity, enabling the accurate measurement of very low forces
It is important to review ASTM D3822/D3822M-14 in order to fully understand the test setup, procedure, and results requirements.
Catalog Number 2714-031 Rated capacity 50 kN (5 kgf, 11 lbf) Suitable for a wide range of linear densities (denier and tex)
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Pneumatic cord and yarn grips provide a convenient method for clamping fiber, cord, yarns and fine wires to reduce the problem associated with testing these materials. A specially designed horn with a smooth finish and a contoured surface with a graduated cam allows for easy loading and a stress reduced clamping area on the specimen. The clamping mechanism can be activated either automatically or through a foot switch. This allows hands-free grip operation enabling the specimen to be held with both hands, for easy loading. Pneumatic cord and yarn grips provide selectable clamping force to accommodate different materials and excellent follow-up action which compensates for decay of the holding force due to specimen creep.
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Pneumatic cord and yarn grips are designed to have interchangeable clamping blocks that accommodate fiber or yarns made from conventional fibers to newly developed high-performance fibers. A specially designed horn with a smooth,highly-polished or controlled surface roughness finish and a contoured surface with a graduated cam allows for easy loading and a stress-reduced clamping area on the specimen. The clamping mechanism can be activated either automatically or through a footswitch to allow hands-free grip operation; this enables the operator to hold the specimen with both hands for easy loading. Pneumatic cord and yarn grips provide selectable clamping force to accommodate different materials and excellent follow up action that compensates for decay of the holding force due to specimen creep.
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The Instron 2712-05x Series Pneumatic Side-Action Grips offers a versatile gripping solution for a wide range of materials. Available in both 50 and 250 N options, the grip’s robust design is ideal for round (wires),fiber (mono-filaments), and flat specimens with or without shoulder.
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Instron 6800 Series Universal Testing Systems provide unparalleled accuracy and reliability. Built on a patent-pending Operator Protect system architecture with an all-new Smart-Close Air Kit and Collision Mitigation features, the 6800 Series makes materials testing simpler, smarter, and safer than ever before.
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Instron 3400 Series universal testing systems for tensile, compression, bend, and other material property tests.
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Bluehill Universal Software is built from the ground-up for touch interaction and an intuitive user experience. Discover simpler and smarter testing with features such as pre-loaded test methods, QuickTest in seconds, enhanced data exporting: and Instron Connect – a new feature that provides a direct communication link to Service. Users of previous versions of software such as Bluehill 2 and Bluehill 3 can easily upgrade to the newest version of Bluehill.
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