ASTM D5961 - Bearing Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

ASTM D5961 Bearing Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

ASTM D5961 is a testing standard that covers the bearing response of pinned or fastened joints of composite laminates. Connecting individual composite components with rivets or fastener is a common solution for connection of parts in the aerospace industry. ASTM D5961 is used by material designers to determine material specifications for research and development, quality assurance, and structural design analysis.

Test Methods

ASTM D5961 includes four different testing procedures: A, B, C, and D. Procedure A is designed for double-shear tensile loading on a single piece specimen. Procedure B is for single-shear tensile or compressive loading on a two piece specimen. Procedure C is for single shear tensile loading of a single piece specimen, and Procedure D is for double-shear compressive loading on a single piece coupon. The composite coupons are supposed to be balanced and symmetric with respect to their test direction. 

It is important to note that these four testing procedures will give results that are not directly comparable. Due to the larger fastener rotation and higher peak bearing stress Procedure C will yield higher strengths than Procedure B. For protruding head fasteners Procedure D will most likely yield higher bearing results than Procedure C. Procedures A and C produce very similar results.

Materials Testing System

ASTM D5961 testing is best performed on a high force floor model such as Instron's 5980 Series equipped with either precision manual (2716-028/030) or hydraulic (2743-401)wedge grips for gripping the loading plates. This standard requires different loading tools for each procedure, usually involving loading plates, pins, and/or fasteners. A set of Grips is needed to grip the loading plates.




ASTM D5961 Test Setup
1) 6800 Series Universal Testing System
2) Bluehill Universal Software
3) 2580 Series Load Cell
4) 2716-028/030 Precision Manual Wedge Grips

 

ASTM D5961 bearing response of pinned or fastened joints using multi-directional polymer matrix composite laminates reinforced by high-modulus fibers

Related Content

5980 Series Dual Column Floor Model

5980 floor models are robust, heavy-duty frames commonly used for testing high-strength metals and alloys, advanced composites, aerospace and automotive structures, bolts, fasteners, and plate steels.

Composites Testing Brochure

Instron’s universal testing machines are designed to perform the most common types of testing used in the composites industry, including but not limited to in-plane tensile, through thickness tensile, interlaminar shear, compression in end, shear, or combined loading, and compression after impact.

High Force Universal Testing Machines Brochure

Instron's high force systems include electromechanical and high-capacity hydraulic testing systems for tension and compression applications. Force capacities range from 100 kN to 2000kN.

2716 Precision Manual Wedge Grips

Available in 100 and 250 kN capacities, Instron's 2716-028/30 precision manual wedge grips provide reliable gripping for a wide range of materials as well as repeatable alignment that meets Nadcap requirements. 

2743-401 Hydraulic Wedge Grips

Instron's 100 kN hydraulic wedge grips provide an innovative solution for high-capacity testing and delivery enhanced gripping performance, usability, and operator safety.